The majority of economists polled by Reuters predict that the U.S. Federal Reserve will not raise interest rates again, and they expect the central bank to wait until at least the end of March before cutting them, as the probability of a recession within a year falls to its lowest level since September 2022.
Despite optimistic economic data and the belief that a recession has been avoided, some economists and analysts believe that a recession is still on the horizon due to factors such as the impact of interest rate hikes and lagged effects of inflation and tighter lending standards.
Despite the optimism from some economists and Wall Street experts, economist Oren Klachkin believes that elevated interest rates, restrictive Federal Reserve policy, and tight lending standards will lead to a mild recession in late 2023 due to decreased consumer spending and slow hiring, although he acknowledges that the definition of a recession may not be met due to some industries thriving while others struggle.
The UK and eurozone economies are at risk of recession due to a significant slowdown in private sector activity, with the UK experiencing its poorest performance since the Covid lockdown and Germany being hit particularly hard; the US is also showing signs of strain, with activity slowing to near-stagnation levels.
The Central Bank of Turkey is expected to continue its policy tightening, but doubts remain as to whether the pace of tightening will be sufficient, given the high inflation rate; meanwhile, the focus in the US is on the jobs market and the unemployment rate's impact on inflation, and pessimism reigns for the euro due to concerns about the ECB's ability to raise interest rates.
European Central Bank policymakers are increasingly concerned about deteriorating growth prospects and there is growing momentum for a pause in rate hikes as major economic indicators come in below expectations, suggesting a recession is now a distinct possibility.
Despite concerns over rising deficits and debt, central banks globally have been buying government debt to combat deflationary forces, which has kept interest rates low and prevented a rise in rates as deficits increase; therefore, the assumption that interest rates must go higher may be incorrect.
Central banks are facing significant challenges due to shifts in the global economy, including changes in the labor market, energy transition, and geopolitical division, and must adapt their policymaking frameworks to ensure stability in the face of uncertainty, according to Christine Lagarde, President of the European Central Bank.
Christine Lagarde, President of the European Central Bank, stated that interest rates in the European Union will need to remain high for as long as necessary to combat persistent inflation, despite progress made, at an annual conference of central bankers in Jackson Hole, Wyoming.
The European Central Bank (ECB) faces a complex decision on whether to continue raising interest rates in September as eurozone businesses experience declines in outputs and new orders, with some experts suggesting a pause in rate hikes to ease pressure on the economy.
It may be too early for the European Central Bank to pause interest rate hikes now as an early stop in the fight against inflation could result in more pain for the economy later, according to Latvian policymaker Martins Kazaks.
The contraction in euro area business activity has intensified, particularly in Germany, leading to expectations that the European Central Bank will pause its interest-rate hike campaign; US mortgage applications for home purchases have hit a three-decade low due to rising borrowing costs; South Korea's exports continue to decline, indicating lackluster global trade; Turkey's interest-rate increase has triggered a rally in the country's assets; shrinking water levels at the Panama Canal due to climate change may cause delays in restocking inventories before Christmas.
U.S. economic growth, outpacing other countries, may pose global risks if the Federal Reserve is forced to raise interest rates higher than expected, potentially leading to financial tightening and ripple effects in emerging markets.
Central bankers are uncertain if they have raised interest rates enough, prompting concerns about the effectiveness of their monetary policies.
The Federal Reserve's monetary tightening policy has led to a surge in mortgage rates, potentially damaging both the demand and supply in the housing market, according to Mohamed El-Erian, chief economic advisor at Allianz.
Central banks are likely to push western economies into a recession in order to tackle inflation, according to a member of Jeremy Hunt's advisory council. Karen Ward, an economist at JP Morgan Asset Management, believes signs of weakness will be needed before policymakers can ease their tough approach, as the message from a recent gathering of central bankers in Wyoming was that borrowing costs would need to be higher for longer than expected. Ward's comments come as Germany reports its highest wage growth figure since 2008.
The outlook for the euro area remains uncertain as economic activity has slowed and indicators suggest weakness ahead, but the labor market remains resilient; a restrictive monetary policy is critical for bringing inflation back to the 2% target in a timely manner, and a data-dependent and robust approach to monetary policy is warranted due to the high level of uncertainty.
Euro zone growth is weaker than predicted, but the need for more rate hikes by the European Central Bank is not automatically voided, according to ECB board member Isabel Schnabel, who raised concerns about investors undoing the ECB's past work and the decline in real risk-free rates counteracting efforts to bring inflation back to target.
The U.S. is currently experiencing a prolonged high inflation cycle that is causing significant damage to the purchasing power of the currency, and the recent lower inflation rate is misleading as it ignores the accumulated harm; in order to combat this cycle, the Federal Reserve needs to raise interest rates higher than the inflation rate and reverse its bond purchases.
Europe's struggle with inflation and economic growth contrasts with the United States, as the European Central Bank's aggressive tightening risks pushing the euro zone into a downturn, with the manufacturing and services sectors already showing signs of contraction.
Despite recent optimism around the U.S. economy, Deutsche Bank analysts believe that a recession is more likely than a "soft landing" as the Federal Reserve tightens monetary conditions to curb inflation.
Central bankers' reliance on economic data for monetary policymaking poses risks due to the unreliability of the data and the lag in its impact on the economy, potentially leading to policy errors and market volatility.
The European Central Bank faces a difficult decision on whether or not to hike rates as the economy slows, while the US releases inflation numbers and rising oil prices create concerns about price pressures.
The European Central Bank is expected to maintain interest rates on September 14, although nearly half of economists anticipate one more increase this year in an effort to reduce inflation.
The Federal Reserve should consider cutting its policy rate within the next six months to stabilize real rates and avoid tipping the economy into a recession, as financial stress in the real economy is rising despite slower hiring and inflation cooling, according to economist Joseph Brusuelas.
The European Central Bank is expected to see inflation in the euro zone remain above 3% next year, which strengthens the case for an interest rate increase.
The European Central Bank is expected to maintain steady rates as economic activity in the euro area decelerates and inflation erodes disposable income, with uncertainty surrounding the impact of weaker growth on inflation.
The European Central Bank may raise interest rates for a 10th consecutive meeting on Thursday, but the decision is uncertain.
The European Central Bank is facing a dilemma on whether to raise its key interest rate to combat inflation or hold off due to economic deterioration, with investors split on the likelihood of a rate hike.
The European Central Bank has implemented its 10th consecutive interest rate increase in an attempt to combat high inflation, although there are concerns that higher borrowing costs could lead to a recession; however, the increase may have a negative impact on consumer and business spending, particularly in the real estate market.
The European Central Bank has raised its main interest rate for the 10th consecutive time to tackle inflation, but indicated that further hikes may be paused for now, causing the euro to fall and European stocks to rally.
The Federal Reserve faces a critical decision at the end of the year that could determine whether the US economy suffers or inflation exceeds target levels, according to economist Mohamed El-Erian. He suggests the central bank must choose between tolerating inflation at 3% or higher, or risking a downturn in the economy.
Economist Campbell Harvey warns that the Federal Reserve should not raise rates later this year, as he believes a recession may occur in 2024 due to an inverted yield curve and potential distortions in Bureau of Labor Statistics and GDP figures.
The European Central Bank's decision to signal its last rate hike has further weakened the euro, causing hedge funds and speculators to anticipate potential parity with the dollar.
Euro-area finance ministers are expressing concerns about political radicalization in Europe due to the shaky economy, sticky inflation, and voters searching for different options. There are worries of extremist parties gaining ground, particularly the far-right, amid economic challenges and upcoming EU elections. The impact of the European Central Bank's interest rate decisions on savers and the loss of competitiveness of the European economy are additional worries.
The Federal Reserve's restrictive monetary policy, along with declining consumer savings, tightening lending standards, and increasing loan delinquencies, indicate that the economy is transitioning toward a recession, with the effectiveness of monetary policy being felt with a lag time of 11-12 months. Additionally, the end of the student debt repayment moratorium and a potential government shutdown may further negatively impact the economy. Despite this, the Fed continues to push a "higher for longer" theme regarding interest rates, despite inflation already being defeated.
European markets are poised to open lower due to upcoming interest rate decisions from several central banks, while global markets react to the U.S. Federal Reserve's announcement to hold interest rates steady and raise economic growth expectations.
The Federal Reserve has paused raising interest rates and projects that the US will not experience a recession until at least 2027, citing improvement in the economy and a "very smooth landing," though there are still potential risks such as surging oil prices, an auto worker strike, and the threat of a government shutdown.
Central banks, including the US Federal Reserve, European Central Bank, and Bank of England, have pledged to maintain higher interest rates for an extended period to combat inflation and achieve global economic stability, despite concerns about the strength of the Chinese economy and geopolitical tensions.
Central banks around the world may have reached the peak of interest rate hikes in their effort to control inflation, as data suggests that major economies have turned a corner on price rises and core inflation is declining in the US, UK, and EU. However, central banks remain cautious and warn that rates may need to remain high for a longer duration, and that oil price rallies could lead to another spike in inflation. Overall, economists believe that the global monetary policy tightening cycle is nearing its end, with many central banks expected to cut interest rates in the coming year.
The euro zone economy is expected to contract this quarter and remain in recession as the impact of central banks' interest rate rises hampers growth, according to a survey by HCOB's flash euro zone Composite Purchasing Managers' Index (PMI), with Germany and France experiencing significant declines in business activity.
The Federal Reserve's measure of inflation is disconnected from market conditions, increasing the likelihood of a recession, according to Duke University finance professor Campbell Harvey. If the central bank continues to raise interest rates based on this flawed inflation gauge, the severity of the economic downturn could worsen.
The Federal Reserve left interest rates unchanged while revising its forecasts for economic growth, unemployment, and inflation, indicating a "higher for longer" stance on interest rates and potentially only one more rate hike this year. The Fed aims to achieve a soft landing for the economy and believes it can withstand higher rates, but external complications such as rising oil prices and an auto strike could influence future decisions.